Ruby on Rails

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Assets & Database hosting on Amazon/S3


Assets Hosting
Lately I was working on a project, highly data driven. Its a movie social network, means there are lots of assets, Photos, Audios & videos. Thats why we should keep continuous backup for our data on some 3rd party provider or somewhere else, which is easier to manage. We are using Amazon::S3 module for our assets and database backup.

Database Backup:

For database backup on S3 we used a ruby gem named “mysql_s3_backup”, a simple backup script for mysql and s3 with incremental backups. Before starting the backups, Create a YAML config file:
mysql:
# Database name to backup
database: xyz_development
# Mysql user and password to execute commands
user: dbuser
password: paswword
# Path to mysql binaries, like mysql, mysqldump (optional)
bin_path: /usr/bin/
# Path to the binary logs, should match the bin_log option in your my.cnf
bin_log: /var/lib/mysql/binlog/mysql-bin
s3:
# S3 bucket name to backup to
bucket: bucketname
# S3 credentials
access_key_id: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
secret_access_key: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

Create a full backup:
mysql_s3_backup -c=your_config.yml full
Create an incremental backup:
mysql_s3_backup -c=your_config.yml inc
Restore the latest backup (applying incremental backups):
mysql_s3_backup -c=your_config.yml restore
Restore a specific backup (NOT applying incremental backups):
mysql_s3_backup -c=your_config.yml restore 20091126112233

We were planning to just keep backup for last 5 copies of the database. So, I did a tweak in the code, and written one wrapper class over the GEM for storing only last 5 backups [in case of full backups only].

require 'mysql_s3_backup'

class MysqlS3Dumper
  attr_accessor :config
  class MysqlS3Backup::Backup
    def full(name=make_new_name)
      lock do
        # When the full backup runs it delete any binary log files that might already exist
        # in the bucket. Otherwise the restore will try to restore them even though they’re
        # older than the full backup.
        @bucket.delete_all @bin_log_prefix
        with_temp_file do |file|
          puts file
          @mysql.dump(file)
          @bucket.store(dump_file_name(name), file)
          @bucket.copy(dump_file_name(name), dump_file_name("latest"))
          @bucket.keep_last_five
        end
      end
    end
  end

  class MysqlS3Backup::Bucket
    def keep_last_five
      puts @name
      puts "coming to bucket"
      all_backups = AWS::S3::Bucket.objects(@name)
      while all_backups.count > 6
        AWS::S3::Bucket.objects(@name).first.delete
        all_backups = AWS::S3::Bucket.objects(@name)
      end
    end
  end

  def initialize
    @config = MysqlS3Backup::Config.from_yaml_file(File.dirname(__FILE__) + "/../config/s3_mysql.yml")
  end

end

Assets Backup:

For assets backup we use S3Backup ruby gem. S3Backup, is a backup tool to local directory to Amazon S3. It uploads local directory to Amazon S3 with compression. If directories isn’t modified after prior backup,those aren’t upload. It can be Cryptnize upload files if password and salt are configured. To use remotebackup,you should prepare backup configuration file by yaml such below:

bucket: “bucket name”
directories:
– “absolute path to directory for backup/restore”
– “iterate directory as you like”
access_key_id: ‘Amazon access_key_id’
secret_access_key: ‘Amazon secret_access_key’
password: ‘password for aes. (optional)’
salt: ‘HexString(16 length) (must when password is specified) ‘
buffer_size: ‘number of byte max 50000000000 (optional default 32000000)’
max_retry_count: ‘number of retry of post if post failed.(optional default 10)’
proxy_host: proxy host address if you use proxy.
proxy_port: proxy port if you use proxy.
proxy_user: login name for proxy server if you use proxy.
proxy_password: login password for proxy server if you use proxy.
log_level: ‘output log level. value is debug or info or warn or error(optional default info)’
temporary: ‘temporary directory path. default(/tmp)
*If directories isn’t specified when restore, it restores all directories in bucket.*

== COMMAND:
=== backup
s3backup [-f configuration file] [-v verbose message] [-l path for log] [-h help]
configuration file path to file written above contents. default is ./backup.yml
verbose display directory tree and difference of anterior backup
path for log defaut starndard output.
help help message

=== restore
s3backup -r [-f configuration file] [-v verbose message] [-l path for log] [-o output dir] [-h help]
configuration file path to file written above contents. default is ./backup.yml
verbose display directory tree and difference of anterior backup
path for log defaut starndard output.
output dir path to directory for restore directory. defaut is ./
help help message

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2 responses to “Assets & Database hosting on Amazon/S3

  1. Pingback: Plus 247 Blog

  2. Galen 2013/04/10 at 1:28 am

    Yes! Finally someone writes about income statement format excel.

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